IAMAS has combined a range of innovative technologies to help the environment and for better everyday life.
Plastic to DIESEL technology
The oil production (fractional depolymerization reactor) undertakes the fractional depolymerization of the materials that are fed into it and converts them to DIESEL. The manufactured DIESEL is cleaned and refined with a patented process and strictly adhere to market quality standards and specifications.
The reactor produces 500 liters of DIESEL per hour and can work 24 hours a day 8.000h/year. Part of the DIESEL produced, is used to produce thermal energy for the operation of the plant as well as electricity to operate the plant. However, most of the Electricity can be made available to the Public Electricity Network according to the country's energy purchasing and selling laws. The remaining DIESEL is stored in the ready-to-dispose factory tanks.
The load of the electric generator is not always the same, so the fuel consumption value is also different. If we want the plant to produce only electricity, IAMAS can offer it by including an innovative intelligent management system for all parts of the plant where automation of the fractional distillation reactor fuel production is adjusted according to the factory input mix and the load of the electric generator.
The quality and quantity of input material may also vary depending on the period of collection of municipal waste. For example, during Christmas, there are larger amounts of plastic in urban waste than other seasons. This may create temporary congestion at the factory premises (tanks - temporary waste depots). Our experience has led us to accurately calculate the dimensions of the storage areas. Continuous operation and high productivity of the fractional depolymerization reactor greatly aids the investor avoiding unnecessary storage or fuel tank construction.
The concept of the oil production department (fractional depolymerisation reactor) is to produce diesel or heating oil in decentralized plants for local markets.
Particular attention will be given to the quality of the product and the emissions of the plant in operation. The reactor produces 500 liters of DIESEL per hour and can work 24 hours a day or 8.000 hours per year.
Part of the DIESEL produced, is used to produce thermal energy for the operation of the plant as well as electricity to operate the plant. However, most of the Electricity can be made available to the Public Electricity Network according to the country's energy purchasing and selling laws.
The remaining DIESEL is stored in the ready-to-dispose factory tanks.
Once the process temperature reaches 390°C, the hydrocarbons are cracked by thermal energy, gasified and are fractionated in the distillation column.
Furthermore, gaseous chains are condensed in the condenser. This method differs fundamentally from processes such as pyrolysis. In particular, the process temperature is more than 300°C lower and thus the process produces very little carbon.
This carbon produces a black bituminous residue, which must be removed from the surface of the reactor. In order to do this, the developers have constructed a scraper, which cleans the interior surface of the reactor container.
The scraper prevents the usual accumulation of a layer of carbon and thus makes sure that the heat transfer from the burner zone to the feed material is improved.
Since the material is maintained at a constant temperature, the gas emitted from the product is at just 5 %. This gas is then used to heat the reactor.
The extraction of the useable heating or diesel oil fraction from the remaining liquid makes it possible to use quite different feed materials in the same plant.
The feed material remains in the system until it is cracked to produce heating or diesel oil.
The period of time, that the material remains in the system, depends on the type of feed material.
Flow Diagramm of Depolymerization plant
Our researchers have developed another approach that eliminates various disadvantages of the process.
The plant has been operated according to this principle. The equipment can be used to economically produce fuel, with the following major advances:
- the cracking reaction is heated in a new self-cleaning reactor
- the continuous cleaning of the reactor vessel ensures constant high performance
- the reactor and distillation units are separated into 2 distinct systems
- these systems are only connected via a cyclone with a foam supressor and thus
- realization of an extremely clean product
Furthermore, our researchers has also succeeded in operating the plant with feed material that included chlorine and fluorine by binding them with an additive and disposing them with the bituminous waste. Centralized feeding of the plastic takes place via an extruder containing a conveying screw. The plastic is heated to 250°C by friction, water is expelled and plastic is liquefied.
The liquid plastic is injected into the reactor via the screw.
Used oil is pumped from the tank into the preheater where it is heated to 150°C; accompanying water is evaporated and removed by a vacuum pump.
All of these modifications to the existing system result in a self-cleaning system which maintains a capacity of 500 liters/hour and produces a product that meets the standards.
Up to 95 % of the product enters into the distillation unit as vapor and arrives in the product tank as heating or diesel oil. The remaining material is ejected as solid.
It is known, that the product gets black by an Oxygen-reaction. The properties of the product are not influenced, but a black product can not be sold on the market. In conventional refineries this reaction gets avoided by saturizing the product with Hydrogen, in this case Oxygen can not be bound.
As this technic is very difficult and expensive, it can not be used for a Depolimerisation unit. Another solution had to be found. After many test, the team found the exciting step. In a short-path thin film vaporizer it is possible, to separate the black partition from the light. After this step, app 5% of the black fraction is separated and the final product stays clean.
The black part is transferred to the burner to heat the reactor.
The issues of energy and its supply are becoming increasingly important in our modern civilisation. In view of the Earth's limited supplies of fossil fuels, it is urgent that these are used efficiently and that regenerative and recyclable fuels find greater application.
The German research firm has responded to this challenge by setting its sights on the development, construction and marketing of processing plants for special plastics and mineral oils and IAMAS is a member of is legally contracted with researchers and Holders of these technology patents.
IAMAS has the exclusive commercial technology rights in the world market.
Other proposed innovations or patented processing technologies are available from researchers and co-operating manufacturers with whom IAMAS has commercial exclusivity.
In contrast to earlier processing plants, which could produce only low-quality oils, the innovative process developed by our researchers is an entirely new method for producing heating or diesel oil from organic wastes. Utilizing this new process, the plant has successfully produced high-quality hydrocarbons from waste oil using fractional depolymerization.
The benefits of this new process and the associated processing plant include not only, that diesel oil can be produced from various organic waste materials, but also the fact, that poisonous by-products such as dioxin or furane are not produced.
We are already proving that diesel and heating oil can be produced from plastics, waste oil and flushing oil. If the feed material for the fractional depolymerization is organic material or waste products such as mineral oils and plastic, this will open a wide market for our innovative plants.
In this case, the potential customers would be quite diverse and include among others plastics manufacturers, gasoline/petrol stations, industrial companies, waste disposal companies as well as municipalities. For these operations, there are two reasons why the purchase of a processing plant is not only interesting but also highly economical.
On the one hand, the costs for disposing the waste product can be reduced, while at the same time the fuel produced can be used to generate energy and thus further reduce the total cost. Discussions held with industrial companies show very high sales potential.
IAMAS is a trading name of IAMAS Technologies Ltd. The company IAMAS Technologies Ltd is registered in England and Wales with company number 11842459, the Registered office address is on 269 Farnborough Road Farnborough, London. Post Code: GU14 7LY.